Gallstones are stones that are formed in the gallbladder, which is a collection receptacle for bile. Bile is produced by special cells in the liver and is then channeled through tiny ducts in the liver to the gallbladder. As the bile comes into the gallbladder, the water separates from the bile and the bile becomes concentrated in the gallbladder.

where to buy gallstones online | Ox cattle gallstones for saleLater, some time after a meal, the muscle that forms the wall of the gallbladder forces the concentrated bile into the intestines. The concentrated bile works better at food digestion than the bile with the water in it and therefore it is kept in the gallbladder. Bile is usually yellow to a brownish in color and it is the bile that gives the color to your bowel movements.

Gallstones usually form in the gallbladder, but they can form anywhere where the bile travels. Gallstones, which form in the gallbladder, might also be small enough to exit the gallbladder with the bile. Other places where gallstones can form include the cystic ducts and the hepatic ducts, where the bile is produced.

What causes gallstones?

There are several theories of what causes gallstones, but they occur mostly in women, and it is believed that the majority of people with gallstone problems are genetically predisposed to gallstones. In most of these cases, gallstones are inherited from someone related who also has gallstones. Other possible causes of gallstones are:

1. Cholesterol gallstones are the most common gallstones in people who reside in the United States and Europe. These gallstones are primarily formed by cholesterol buildup in the gallbladder. The way these types of gallstones are formed is that cholesterol must be dissolved in the bile before it can be transported through the intestines and digested.

The problem is that cholesterol is fat and fat does not dissolve in water and therefore they form stones. Other ways that cholesterol gallstones are formed is that there is a rapid cholesterol growth in the gallbladder and the cholesterol accumulates into stones.

2. Pigment gallstones are the second most common cause of gallstones. Pigment gallstones are usually caused by old hemoglobin that can accumulate in the gallbladder. Hemoglobin is the part of the blood that delivers the oxygen to all your tissues and organs.

The pigment gallstones are created by the old red blood cells, which transform into a chemical called bilirubin. Bilirubin is secreted through the liver. There are several different types of pigment gallstones, which are listed below.

a. Black pigment gallstones are formed when there is too much bilirubin in the gallbladder and the bilirubin mixes with other substances in the bile, such as calcium.

b. Brown pigment gallstones are formed when there is not enough concentrated bile in the gallbladder. This can happen when the duct that leads the bile into the gallbladder becomes obstructed or when the altered bilirubin is mixed with other substances, such as bacteria, calcium, cholesterol or lecithin.

3. Ceftriaxone is an antibiotic that can, on rare occasions, cause gallstones. Ceftriaxone is an antibiotic that removes the bile from the gallbladder and allows all kinds of foreign substances such as cholesterol and bilirubin to be left alone. As all these substances mix with the antibiotic, they form a gallstone that is calcium carbonate.

How do you know if you are at risk for gallstones?

There are several risk factors for gallstones. If the above paragraphs got you nervous about having cholesterol gallstones because you have high cholesterol, you need not worry. There is no relationship with cholesterol in the blood and cholesterol in the gallbladder. Some of the risk factors that you need to be aware of are:

1. Gender is one of the greatest risk factors. Gallstones affect women more than men, but men can also get gallstones.

2. Age can be another risk factor. The risk of having gallstones increases with age.

3. Obesity is another major cause of gallstones. If you are overweight, you are more likely to have read more fat within your body, increasing the chance of cholesterol accumulating in your gallbladder.

4. Pregnancy can increase the risk of cholesterol gallstones because during pregnancy bile can contain more cholesterol and the gallbladder does not contract normally as it does when a woman is not pregnant.

5. If you take birth-control pills or hormone therapy, you can also increase the risk of having gallstones because hormones and birth-control pills can simulate the same conditions as during pregnancy.

6. Rapid weight loss can increase the risk of cholesterol gallstones, but once the weight is lost, the cholesterol decreases in the bile and the stones disappear.

7. Crohn’s disease can be a large risk factor for cholesterol gallstones, because this condition prevents the bile to be made properly and is not able to dissolve cholesterol enough and the stones form.

8. Sickle Cell Anemia, thalassemia or cirrhosis of the liver can be risk factors for pigment gallstones. As mentioned above, black pigment gallstones are caused when there is an excessive load of bilirubin in the liver. This is common with people with anemic blood disorders such as sickle cell anemia. Cirrhosis of the liver can also cause gallstones because there is a reduced production of bile from a malfunctioning liver.